Basics of Turkish Language | Molton Hotels

Basics of Turkish Language

Turkey language is Turkish. If you’ve learned some basics of Turkish Language, before you come to Turkey, your travel will be more easier! So, let’s look to basics of Turkish:

SOUNDS IN TURKISH ALPHABET

Turkish language is quite simple to pronounce. Each letter in Turkish alphabet has only one fixed sound.

Additional letters in Turkish : ç, ğ, ı, ö, ş, ü.

There is no q, w, x in Turkish alphabet.

a: like a in father.

e: like e in get.

i:  like i in hit.

ı:  like e in farmer.

ö: like i in dirt.

u: like u in bull.

ü: like u in French dupont.

c: like j in jam.

ç: like ch in church.

ğ: It only lengthens the proceeding vowel.

ş: like sh in shake.

USEFUL Turkish WORDS and Turkish Phrases

Hello: Merhaba

Good morning: Günaydın!

Good day: İyi günler

Good evening: İyi akşamlar

How are you?: Nasılsınız?

I’m fine: İyiyim

Please: Lütfen

Bon appetit: Afiyet olsun

Cheere: Şerefe

Excuse me: Af edersiniz

Yes: Evet

No: Hayır

Okay: Tamam

Cheap: Ucuz

Expensive: Pahalı

Bill: Hesap

Fee: Ücret

Free of charge: Ücretsiz

Tip: Bahşiş

Entrance: Giriş

Exit: Çıkış

Cold: Soğuk

Hot: Sıcak

Tea: Çay

Coffee: Kahve

Lemonade: Limonata

Fizzy mineral water: Soda

Milk: Süt

Water: Su

Wine: Şarap

Beer: Bira

Ice: Buz

Hospital: Hastane

Insurance: Sigorta

Medicine: İlaç

Pharmacy: Eczane

Help!: İmdat!

Stop: Dur

Phone card: Telefon kartı

Token: Jeton

Ticket: Bilet

Money: Para

How much is it?: Kaç para?

Toilet: Tuvalet

Man: Bay/ Erkek

Woman: Bayan / Kadın

Mosque: Camii

Church: Kilise

Museum: Müze

Square: Meydan

Street: Cadde

Road: Yol

Right: Sağ

Left: Sol

Turn: Dön

Go: Git

Go strait ahead: İleriye düz git

NUMBERS in Turkish

We draw a table for numbers below. There is a tip, when we want to say numbers bigger than 10 (on)  in Turkish, we solve a simple math problem, we seperate into digits.

For example, you have 10 (on) , how could you get 13 (on üç)?

10 + 3 = 13

On + Üç= On üç

It’s so easy.

Come on, lets say 175.

100 + 70 + 5.

Yüz + Yetmiş + Beş = Yüz yetmiş beş

0Sıfır
1Bir
2İki
3Üç
4Dört
5Beş
6Altı
7Yedi
8Sekiz
9Dokuz
10On
11On bir
12On iki
20Yirmi
21Yirmi bir
22Yirmi iki
30Otuz
40Kırk
50Elli
60Altmış
70Yetmiş
80Seksen
90Doksan
100Yüz
200İki yüz
210İki yüz on
1000 Bin
2015 İki bin on beş
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